With the reclaiming of the ark fresh in his mind and with the words of rebuke from Michal still ringing in his ears, he pens the five verses of this Psalm. The Jew used this Psalm before going to Jerusalem. Three times a year the Jews were to make a trek toward the city of Jerusalem for the three main feasts. Before embarking on such a journey, it was their habit to sing the fifteenth Psalm. It was also a Psalm sung and read before prayer. It Was the kind of a Psalm that was to prepare the heart for prayer. Notice verse I, "Lord, who shall abide in Thy tabernacle? God will not answer our prayers nor honor our intercession unless we come to Him by way of the prerequisites listed in Psalm Notice some of them: We must walk uprightly, work righteousness, seek the truth, and refuse to gossip or do evil against our neighbor.
There are others that form the stairsteps of access to God. Read it before you pray. Read it before you go to church on Sunday. It will prepare your heart. This Psalm finds David running from Saul. He comes to the mountain of Maon. He is on one side of the mountain. He finds that Saul is on the other side. Bear in mind that Saul is attempting to kill David. Soon Saul's forces encircled David until he thought that death was inevitable. Just when it appeared that escape was impossible a messenger came and shouted to Saul, "Philistines have invaded the land.
During this time of tension David penned the words of Psalm Notice the prayer in verse 1, "Preserve me, 0 God: for in Thee do I put my trust. Look at verse 9 where David said, "Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.
Of course, deliverance from trouble brings joy and happiness, but our wonderful Saviour gives us joy in our troubles. The Jews learned to use this Psalm when facing death. Perhaps a. He would flee to Psalm When one of God's people had a loved one or friend who was facing death, he would read or sing this Psalm to his friend.
Rush these verses to the terminal cancer patient. Speed them to his loved ones. What comfort, help and strength they will find! Also the use is the same as Psalm Perhaps the reader has already noticed the trend. God has what we need in every occasion. There is no condition in which the Christian can find himself or need that he can require that is not beautifully satisfied by the Psalms.
This Psalm was written after David had won a victory over Goliath's family. It is a Psalm of joy, a Psalm of victory, a Psalm of exaltation. The Psalm is also found in II Samuel It is noteworthy that though this was a wonderful victory, it was a needless battle. Goliath and his family should not have even been alive. God had told Joshua and his people to destroy and drive out the heathen in the land of Canaan. Among these people to be driven out and destroyed were the Anakites. These were giant people, the ones that the spies mentioned upon returning to the promised land to report to the children of Israel.
Joshua, however, did not destroy all of the Anakites but let some live in Gaza, in Gath and in Ashdod. Because of Joshua's incomplete obedience, much grief was brought to the people of God by the descendants of Anak. It is never right to obey our God partially. We must completely obey Him, for those things that we fail to crucify in our lives will return to haunt us in the future.
This Psalm was sung and read after deliverance from a great struggle. The Jew would sing it after he had recovered from an illness or after he had won a great battle. It was also a Psalm that was used on Thanksgiving Day or during the Thanksgiving season. Has God recently given to you a great victory? Have you recently recovered from a serious illness? Join David in his shout of victory in Psalm These words were written by David when he was anointed as a boy to become king.
Samuel had come to the house of Jesse to anoint one of his sons as king. Jesse never thought of David. When all the other sons had been rejected by Samuel, then Jesse was reminded that David was in the fields. He reluctantly, and with some embarrassment, told Samuel of young David. Samuel went to David and anointed him to become the king. Picture David in the wilderness caring for the sheep writing this, one of the most beautiful of all the Psalms. What beautiful imagery is found in verses !
What logic is found in verses 1! What an amazing warning is found in verse 13! What a tremendous secret to the Christian life is given in verse 14! David is seeking God's help as he assumes this amazing new responsibility. One of the most important prayers that he prays is in verse 12, "Cleanse Thou me from secret faults. There are certain faults that we have that we do not know that we have. David is asking God to reveal to him his faults and then cleanse him from those when they are revealed.
This Psalm was used at the nighttime. It as basically used when the Jew felt pride coming his way. It is akin to Psalm 8 in this respect. It was for the developing of humility. It is interesting to note the three places the Christian is to look in this Psalm. In verses he is to look UP.
In verses 1 he is to look AT. In verses he is to look IN. He looks up to God in verses ; he looks at the Word of God in verses and looks inside his own heart in verses This Psalm is akin to Psalm It deals with the bringing of the ark back to Jerusalem. At this time there was a war with the Syrians. Before going to war, David writes the twentieth Psalm. You will find this mentioned in verse I when he speaks of the Lord hearing him in the day of trouble.
Then in verse 2 he seeks help from the sanctuary and from Zion. He reminds God in verse 6 that He saveth His anointed, and then in that amazing verse 7, he speaks of the foolishness of trusting in chariots and horses which were used in battle and in the wisdom of trusting in the name of our Lord for battle. How wise he was to claim the blessing and power of God and victory through this power before fighting a battle!
Picture David waiting for the battle, girding himself for the conflict, and writing this Psalm as a part of that preparation. When the Jew was facing a time of testing, he would read Psalm When the general was facing battle, he would read and sing the twentieth Psalm. Are you facing some serious battle? Are you awaiting surgery?
Is there a testing just ahead of you? Then Psalm 20 is for you as it was for David. The use is the same as Psalm There is a wonderful comforting statement in verse 3. Notice the words, "for Thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness. It meant "to go before and prepare the way. Our daughter, Linda, is now in the hospital. She has been in labor and travail for 24 hours. I just called the hospital before boarding the plane. The flight will last for four hours. I do not know how it is with her. She is even now undergoing testing and, in some sense, her father is in a battle also.
What a comfort to know that the Lord goes before us in these battles, in times of testing, and prepares the way! Praise His name! It is not clear as to whether this Psalm was written while running from Saul, when Saul was trying to kill him, or when he was running from Absalom because of his unwillingness to fight against Absalom's forces. Nevertheless, it was a time of tragic heartache for David. He was without a helper in verse He was stripped in verse He was pierced in verse He was made a gazing-stock in verse His garments were parted in verse This is what we call a Messianic Psalm.
It has a twofold meaning. It describes David in his sorrow, but it is also a beautiful description of Jesus on Calvary. Notice the words of Calvary in verse 1. Notice the parting of the garments of Calvary in verse Read it carefully. It will make you appreciate your Saviour and the sufferings of the cross. The Jews never knew exactly when to sing the 22nd Psalm. They rarely did. It was a holy of holies for them. They entered into it only occasionally and seldom sang it. It is rather difficult to ascertain the exact occasion of the writing of the 23rd Psalm.
There are those who feel that the Psalm was written when David was a lad tending the sheep, because it is a shepherd's psalm. However, there is evidence that this is not true. For example, in verse 5, he was old enough to have enemies. In verse 4 he was facing the danger of death. In verse 3 he was experiencing rest, and in verse 5 he was experiencing prosperity. These things all point to an older person, or at least one who had reached maturity or adulthood.
Probably the 23rd Psalm was written while David was at Mahanaim wondering how the battle was between his forces and those of his son, Absalom, during the civil war caused by Absalom's rebellion. Of course, David was grief-stricken and heartbroken. It may have been the darkest hour of his life and this is where he penned the beautiful words, "The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
I was on an airplane flying from Cleveland, Ohio, to Chicago. I was reading the Bible. A lady beside me, to whom I had briefly spoken, noticed that I was reading the Bible. She said to me timidly, "Mister, when you finish with that Bible, could I read it? I said, "Why, of course, you may. I asked her if she had a heartache, whereupon she informed me that she was going to Houston, Texas, to see her dying father. She didn't expect to arrive before his death. I asked her what part of the Bible she would like for me to read. She said, "Please read the 23rd Psalm. There are some things worth noticing in this beautiful Psalm.
Notice in verse 2, "He maketh me to lie down in green pastures. Oftentimes a lamb would not stay in the fold. He would leave only to be sought and brought back to the fold by the shepherd. Again he would leave, and again he would not stay. Finally, for the lamb's own good, the shepherd would take his leg and gently break it, forcing the lamb to lie down in green pastures. Now the lamb cannot stray; he must stay close to the fold and to the shepherd.
How often God does the same thing to us! He wants us close to Himself. We stray. He pleads with us to return. We stray again. Finally, to keep us close to Him, He has to break our leg or to cause some sorrow or heartache to come to our lives. What is He doing? Notice the words in verse 4, "Thy rod and Thy staff they comfort me. The point on one end was used as a goad to prod the sheep when it would not move and obey. On the other end it had a fork that was used to place over the neck of the serpent in order to protect the lamb from reptiles.
Ah, God has a rod—the blessed Word of God. It is comfort, it is chastening—it is that sharp, two edged sword. Thank God for its truths! The last verse is beautiful. A famous preacher had a lady in his church who was not quite mentally normal. She kept coming to him and saying, "Pastor, two men are following me. Again she would say, "Pastor, two men are following me.
She kept coming again and again until finally one day the pastor said to her, "Yes, I know there are two men following you, and I know their names. She was so pleased to know the names of the men who were following her, and she never again caused her pastor any trouble. Praise the Lord! Goodness and mercy are following me too, and they will all the days of my life.
The 23rd Psalm was used in the deepest of sorrows. It was that Psalm which was reserved until the worst tragedy came. Many of the Psalms were used in times of trial and adversity, but this one was the most potent of all, reserved for the lowest valley and darkest midnight, for the densest fog and for the sharpest pain. The rebellion is over. David returns to Jerusalem, to the palace and to the house of God. His son, Absalom, has been killed in the battle.
David's forces have been victorious. It was a victory for David, but a hollow victory it was because he lost his son. But now he returns to the palace and writes the 24th Psalm. Picture him as he has returned home as you read the Psalm. This Psalm, however, goes far beyond David. The 22nd, 23rd and 24th Psalms picture the Lord Jesus Christ. The 22nd Psalm beautifully pictures His death, the 23rd Psalm pictures Him as the resurrected one during this age shepherding His sheep and supplying our needs.
The 24th Psalm presents Him as the King in the kingdom age, as the Messiah. Hence, David becomes a picture of Jesus. His suffering in the city of Jerusalem and leaving the city pictures death and burial. His love for Absalom while he is away from the city pictures Jesus' love for us now, and his returning to the city to claim the victory pictures Jesus coming to the earth again. His ruling on the throne after the victory pictures the Lord Jesus coming back to earth to rule and reign for years during the millennial kingdom.
The Jewish people longed for the Messiah. They looked for Him and prayed for Him. When this longing would arrive at its zenith and their hunger for the Messiah's return would reach its peak, they would read and sing the 24th Psalm. When you get hungry for Jesus to return, read the 24th Psalm and pray that He soon wi ill come as King of kings and Lord of lords.
The authorship of this Psalm is often attributed to David, but it seems there is not quite enough evidence to substantiate this position. I have a strong feeling that this Psalm was written during the Babylonian exile. By way of review, Israel became a nation while in Egypt. She was delivered from Egypt by Moses, and he was the nation's first leader. Following Moses came Joshua. Following Joshua came the time of the judges, which was a dark period in the life of Israel when every man did that which was right in his own eyes. It was a time of anarchy and spiritual darkness. Israel clammored for a king, and God gave her one.
His name was Saul. Following Saul was David and following David was his son, Solomon. Following Solomon was Rehoboam. Under Rehoboam, the kingdom was divided into the northern and southern kingdoms. After many years, both Judah and Israel were taken into Babylonian captivity. For 70 years or more the people of God were there in captivity. This Psalm perhaps was written during that period of 70 years. Notice that the Psalm closes with a plea for God to redeem Israel out of all its troubles.
No doubt this is a prayer asking for God to deliver Israel from bondage and back to her land. The Jews would turn to this Psalm when in prison or in bondage. It is a Psalm of deliverance, a Psalm asking. Is there a prisoner reading these words? Turn to this Psalm in your hour of bondage, and have faith and believe that God will help you.
Music in the Bible (Psalms) - Wikiversity
David has now brought the ark of the covenant back to Jerusalem. How happy he is! How sweet were his shouts! How joyful was his dancing around the ark as it came back to its home! In appreciation to God and in gratitude for God's blessings in allowing the ark to return to Jerusalem, David goes to the altar to offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving.
Notice verses In verse 6 he approaches the altar. In verse 7 he tells why he is offering the sacrifice, and in verse 8 he rejoices because of his love for the house of God and, no doubt, because of his happiness in that the ark is back. David first prayed that the ark would return. He then put feet to his prayers and worked to bring about its return. He then rejoiced and praised God when it returned, and now he remembers to be thankful because it has returned.
The house of God was just not the same without the ark of the covenant because over that ark rested the shekinah glory which was symbolic of God's presence and power with His people. This turns our attention back to the time when the ark of the covenant left Israel.
The Philistines noticed that there was a power that rested upon this ark and that God's blessings always accompanied its presence. Thinking that it would help them also, they captured the ark and took it to their own land. It caused them nothing but trouble because they were not God's people, and they were glad to have it brought back.
Eli was the high priest. He was an aged man. One of his son's wives was expecting a baby. When Eli found that the ark had gone, he did not want to live. He fell, broke his neck and died. His son's s wife went into premature labor and brought forth a son whose name was Ichabod, which means, "the glory has departed. More than we need carpet, more than we need chandeliers, more than we need buildings, more than we need padded pews, more than we need an educated clergy, more than we need money, do we need the power and glory of God!
Oh, think of the churches across the land over whose doors could be written, "Ichabod," the glory has departed. Once there was a breath of God. Once there was the power of the Holy Spirit, but now gone maybe forever is this glory. How we should pray for our churches that the freshness of the dew of Heaven will rest upon pulpit and the pew!
The old country preacher in the South was praying, "Dear Lord, give me the unction, give me the unction, give me the unction. Oh, for the breath of God that Moody received on Wall Street that day! Oh, for the power of God that Wesley received after an all-night prayer meeting with 60 other preachers! Oh, for the breath of Heaven that came on George Whitfield when he was ordained and Bishop Benson laid his hands of dedication upon him! Oh, for the power of God that settled on Savonarola as he waited in his pulpit five hours refusing to preach!
Finney and Jonathan Edwards and the other mighty men of God! Let us pray that "Ichabod" will not be written over the doors of our churches and that those who have that sad history will somehow bring the ark back to the house of God and the power of God shall rest once again upon the preacher and people, and the altar shall be filled with sinners and the cry of newborn babes coming to Christ! The Jews would use this Psalm before offering a sacrifice. They would also use it before coming to the house of God.
As they would come to the house of God, they would turn to this Psalm and read it and sing it. David had heard of Absalom's death and of his victory. Naturally he was pleased because he was still the king. He was heartbroken because his son had been killed in battle. Hence, he had a dual feeling when he wrote this Psalm.
It is called a "composite" Psalm. Verses were sung to a jubilant, double beat. Verses were sung to a mournful and slow beat. This was called a "double expression. Read verses and enjoy David's jubilation. Read verses and mourn with him because of his sorrow. In a real sense this is the way all of us should be all the time.
We should rejoice that our names are written in Heaven and yet mourn because the names of others are not there. We should rejoice because there is a Heaven and mourn because some will be lost forever in the fires of Hell. We should rejoice because of God's goodness to us and yet mourn because of sin on every side. This Psalm was sung after great victories. Bear in mind that every great battle that was won also carried with it the loss of life. Those of us who have lived through wars have learned that even in a war that is won, there is also sorrow.
I think of those friends of mine who gave their lives in World War Il—the first baseman on our softball team, the pitcher on our baseball team, the fellow who had the paper route down the street from me, my tennis doubles partner, not to mention my buddies with whom I trained in the infantry and paratroopers. Has there been a victory in your life which also brought with it lamentation and sorrow? You will find a kindred spirit in the one who wrote the 27th Psalm. Here we have another "composite" Psalm. It is, however, a reverse of the preceding one. This one starts off sad and meditative in verses and then leaps to joy and rejoicing in verses This composite Psalm was written by David during Absalom's rebellion while he was at Mahanaim.
He was rejoicing in God's goodness to him and yet was brokenhearted because of the circumstances caused by his son's rebellion. Picture him as he is outside the city, his own forces are fighting with those of his son, his son has turned against him. However, God is good, and so David is sad and mournful for a few verses and then he leaps into praise for the next few.
Psalm 28 was used during times of intercession when God's people fasted, prayed and pleaded for God to hear and answer them. They would sing and read this Psalm. Is there something that has caused you to turn to fasting and praying? Is there something for which you are pleading now? Are you praying day and night and calling unto God? Then enter into the agony and, yes, even the joy of David in the 28th Psalm. It is not clear concerning the conditions surrounding the writing of the Psalm. It is strongly suggested that David was watching a storm rise and subside.
This is the only hint we have concerning the background of the Psalm. Verse 5 reminds us that the Lord breaketh the cedars. Then in verse 7 he obviously makes reference to lightning. Verse 8 may have to do with a mild quake or at least a heavy rumbling storm. Verse 10 talks about the floods. The Psalmist is seeing the Lord even in the destruction of a bad storm.
The Jewish people sang the 29th Psalm on the first day of the feast of pentecost which was a harvest feast. This was 50 days after the passover. They also sang this Psalm when they wanted to be cheered. When the Jew was melancholy or somewhat sad, he would often give himself the recipe of taking the 29th Psalm. David had committed a sin.
He had numbered the people. Now when a leader numbered the people, this was to prepare them for war. God was not in this numbering and offered David three choices of punishment: 1 seven years of famine, 2 three months of defeat, or 3 three days of pestilence or sickness. David chose the latter, whereupon 70, people died. David himself became ill. He built an altar on the threshingfloor of Araunah perhaps this was the same spot as was Mt. Moriah where Abraham offered Isaac, and some even think it was the location of Calvary.
There at the altar David is forgiven for his sin. He dedicates this altar and writes the 30th Psalm. The 30th Psalm is a Psalm of dedication of the altar built on the threshingfloor of Araunah. Can you imagine David with the blood of 70, people on his hands begging God for forgiveness? With this image in your mind read the 30th Psalm. The Jews used this Psalm for dedication services of synagogues and other important buildings.
It was also used at what was called the feast of dedication, which was a feast corresponding with our early December and lasting for eight days during which the people purged the temple. This Psalm was used while eating and singing at this feast and purging. As was mentioned in the comments about the 30th Psalm, David chose the punishment of three days of pestilence.
During this time he became severely ill, and while he was ill, he wrote the 31st Psalm. Throughout the Psalm you will find statements concerning the severity of his illness. As the Psalm is read, the reader should picture David in tremendous suffering for his sin of numbering the people. This is the Psalm to which God's people turned when they had an illness. This would be good for any age as people turn to God for healing and health.
When David was healed of the illness mentioned previously, he then wrote the 32nd Psalm. It is a penitential Psalm, which means that David was repenting of his sin. He was also praising God for forgiveness and for healing. Obviously the 32nd Psalm was used by the Israelites after healing and after forgiveness. Feel the pathos, the joy and the thrill of forgiveness and healing as the 32nd Psalm is read.
Those who have slipped into sin and left God's perfect plan should kneel now and come back to God. He will forgive, and a sweet peace of heart will flood the soul of the penitent one, and he may feel the incomparable joy of being right with his God and forgiven of his sins. David was running from Saul, and Saul had vowed to kill him because of jealousy. David ran to Gath and to King Achish.
Where are we?
He wanted to seek refuge in Gath. However, some of the king's servants knew David and began to sing the song, "Saul hath slain his thousands, but David has slain his tens of thousands. Because of fear he feigned madness. He put spittle on his beard and grasped for the gate like an insane man. He told them that he had come to join the army, but he purposely failed the test. He marked on the gate and roamed and staggered as a mad man would. Because of this, he was refused admittance to the army as he had planned, and was delivered.
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Upon this deliverance, he wrote the 34th Psalm. Though David's antics were questionnable, he nevertheless did give God the praise for his deliverance and wrote a song concerning it. Israel used this Psalm to sing and read when alone among enemies. When one was captured in battle, he would lean heavily upon the 34th Psalm. A summary of this would be found in verses 6 and 7. Notice verse 6, "This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
How good God is! He has so much more for us than we could ever ask or think, and even in our folly, He. Once a little boy went with his mother to the grocery store. He saw a big barrel of candy. While looking at it longingly, he was noticed by the grocery man who said, "Go ahead, Johnny, get a handful free. Get you a handful. It won't cost you a cent. Finally the grocer reached down and got a handful and gave it to Johnny.
Johnny smiled, put it in his pocket, and on the way home was asked by his mother, "Johnny, when the grocery man asked you to get a handful, why didn't you do it? Why did you wait until he could get it for you? Yes, God's hand is bigger than mine and yours, and that hand is dedicated to our protection and our defense. This Psalm was written in connection with one of the most noble times in David's life. The story is found in I Samuel David was asleep in a cave.
This was during the time that he was running for his life from Saul. Saul's pursuits were dedicated to the murder of David. One night David rested inside a cave. When he awoke the next morning, he found Saul asleep on the outside of the cave. Here was David's chance. Saul had pledged to kill David, and now Saul lies sleeping at the mercy of David.
Will David kill Saul? Would he seek revenge? He draws his sword, cuts off a little piece of the skirt of Saul's garment but does no more. He is asked why he does not seek revenge and kill Saul. He replies that he cannot lift up his hand against God's anointed. Saul was not what he should have been, but he was God's anointed. Saul was not perfect, but he was God's anointed. David will not seek revenge. How often we want to seek revenge and vengeance against those who have wronged us!
Let us with David realize that this is God's department, not ours. We should also join David in refraining from lifting our hands against God's anointed. Oh, pray for God's men, love God's men, be loyal to God's men, stand beside God's men, hold high the hands of God's men. For years I've tried to help preachers. I've loved them, prayed for them, preached to them, come to their rescue and stood beside them. I love preachers.
They are the hope of America. In many ways, they are the most lonely men in the world, but they hold in their hands the hope of the world. I once heard about a fellow who had ten sons. He said, "The first was a lawyer and the second was a liar too. The third was a banker and the fourth was a crook too. The fifth was a school teacher and the sixth was at a state institution too.
The eighth was a doctor and the eighth stayed up all night too. The ninth was a preacher and the tenth didn't work for a living either. God's men should be the hardest working men and the best men in the world, and God's people should hold them before the throne of grace in prayer, love and support. When a Jew was tempted to seek revenge, he often turned to the 35th Psalm, read it and sung it.
It gave him strength as he saw an example in David. This Psalm was written after David's victory over Goliath's four sons. One of these sons was named Ishbibenob. He had a spear that weighed shekels. There was another brother whose name was Saph. There was another who had six fingers and toes. Of course, these were all giants because they came from the children of Anak.
How many people wrote the book of Psalms?
Upon winning the victory over these giants, David wrote Psalm This Psalm is akin to the 18th Psalm. It was used after a victory, especially a great victory. There were many Psalms used after winning a victory, but the 36th was a special one used after conquering a mighty foe. Some will dispute this, but there appears to be so much like Solomon in verses 10, 12, 13, 18, 23, 25, 37 and Read these verses carefully and see if there is not a proverb flavor in them.
As was the case in Psalm 1, no doubt the author, probably Solomon, is teaching his son, probably Rehoboam, some things about life, righteousness, sin and God's will and plan. As the Psalm is read, it is not difficult to picture a wise father talking to his son instructing him about life. We have one boy. He is now grown and a preacher, Dr. David Hyles. When he was growing up, I taught him every night that I was home.
I taught him about life, about manners, about girls, about athletics, about honesty, about integrity, about decency, about propriety. Hundreds and hundreds of hours, yea, even thousands of hours were spent teaching and teaching and teaching. As the 37th Psalm is read, one should keep a mental image of a father and his son together in a time of instruction. This Psalm was used for family instruction. Notice especially the amazing instruction given in verses These are among the classic verses of the Bible. When David was a little boy, he started riding to church with me. We would go early in the morning and come home late at night.
The rest of the family would go later and come back earlier, but David always wanted to be with Dad, and it mattered not how long I counseled after the service, Dave would wait for me. When he first started riding to church with me, he could barely talk plainly. One morning coming home from Sunday school and church I asked him what the Sunday school lesson was about. He looked through his big brown eyes and said, "It was about God. I then asked, "What did you learn about God? But after God spanks me, He then hugs me and tells me that it hurt. Hey, Dad,. I looked at him through tears and said, "No, son, I'm not God, but I'm glad that you think I am, and I hope that after you've left our home, when you are grown, you will still think the old man is a little bit like God.
This I did and this every father should do. It is the heritage deserved by every son. Read carefully Job ; then read the 38th Psalm. You will find an amazing similarity. Job had stood the test. God had allowed Satan to try him, and Job did not turn his back upon God. In one of the most marvelous displays of loyalty ever known, Job stood the test and kept his promise that even if God should slay him, he would still trust Him.
However, when Job had stood the test and God had given him twice as much as he had before, Job became proud. How tragic it is that even in our highest hour, we are tempted to sin, and even in the holiest of duties, we stoop to human deeds! Job became proud of himself and God rebuked him severely.
This drives Job to the ash heap to repent as is found in Job Of course, God forgives him, and Job's temporary lapse does not tarnish our faith in him. It simply reminds us that he is human. I think that God places such a sin in the Bible to show us that all of us are human and potential backsliders. Abraham lied about Sarah.
Paul took a Jewish vow. Noah was drunken. Moses lost his temper and smote the rock twice and numbered the people and was forbidden to enter into the promised land. Peter cursed and swore and denied that he belonged to the Saviour. David had his sin with Bathsheba and Uriah. God is reminding us that the best of men are men at best. There is something very sweet in the story of Job. After Job had lost his sheep, his asses, his camels, his oxen and his children and, yea, all that he had, he stood the test and did not charge the Lord.
After he had proved himself, God gave him back twice as many asses and twice as many sheep and twice as many camels and twice as many oxen, but He gave him the same number of children that he had before—ten. This used to bother me until one day it dawned on me. Job did have twice as many children as he had before. When an ox dies, it's dead.
When an ass dies, it's dead. When a camel dies, it's dead. When a sheep dies, it's dead. When a child dies, it is not dead. Job did have twice as many children—he simply had ten on earth and ten in Heaven. Praise God! When a Hebrew sought repentance, he would often come to the 38th Psalm. It would lead him to repent of his sin. This is another of the penitential Psalms. This is one of David's earlier Psalms, written perhaps as he was a boy tending sheep. He had talked in haste and said something that he should not have said, and in this Psalm he is correcting himself.
After David had spoken that which he should not have said, he then, realizing his error, became quiet. Notice verses 1 and 2. Then in verse 8 he asks forgiveness and shows that after he made his mistake, he did not speak. This Psalm was used as instruction to children concerning the tongue and saying things that should be said. If our tongues are to be controlled properly, our minds must be clean and pure, for the Bible says, "As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he," and what we are on the inside will eventually come out. At a carnival or county fair or some similar type event, a barker was holding a handful of balloons.
Each balloon was filled with helium. There were many colors among them. For a quarter or so a child could purchase a balloon. His name could be written on a card and attached to the balloon and then the balloon would be let up in the air. Of course, the hope was that someone would find the card many miles away and return it to the child. A little white boy came up and bought a white balloon. His name was put on the card, and the balloon went into space. A little Chinese boy rushed up and bought a yellow balloon. His name was placed on the card, the card was attached to the balloon, and the bal.
A little Indian boy came andpurchased a red balloon. His name was placed on a card, and the card was attached to the balloon, and the balloon was let go. It too disappeared into the heavens. Then a little brown boy did the same thing. Standing timidly at a distance was a little black boy. He noticed among the many balloons there was only one black one. He tiptoed shyly up to the barker and said, "Sir, will the black balloon go up in the sky too? The man put the black boy's name on the balloon and then let it soar into the sky.
Then he patted the little black boy on the head and said, "Son, it's what's on the inside that counts. Let us keep the inside clear so we can look to the Lord and say, "Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable in Thy sight. The war with Absalom is over. Absalom, of course, has been killed. David has come back to the palace and is now sitting on the throne. From the throne he writes the 40th Psalm. Read with interest the first four verses and picture the king back on the throne after an absence.
Ah, here is a beautiful picture. Jesus was crucified, and in this old sin-cursed world He is now the object of hatred, ridicule and anamosity. But one day, bless God, He will be back on the throne. One day a little boy was reading a book. He got to the middle of the book and the villain was winning the battle. The hero was just about to lose.
At that very moment the boy's mother commissioned him to come and dry the dishes. He begged for a postponement so he could finish the book. The mother was not in the postponing mood, and she said, "Son, you come and do these dishes now! The boy said, "But Mama, the hero is getting defeated and the villain is winning. I've got to stay and see how it comes out. Johnny quickly turned over to the last chapter and read it, and running to the kitchen to do the dishes he shouted, "Ah, villain, you are having a good time in the middle of the book, but you're in for the surprise of your life when you get to the last chapter.
Yes, Satan is the god of this world, and he is having a good time now, but I turned over to the end of the Book and read the last chapter! I read where Satan will someday be cast into the lake of fire and brimstone. That fact combined with the obvious antiquity of the titles should be given due consideration with respect to the question of authorship. Modern higher criticism has deduced a number of arguments intended to demonstrate that the psalm titles place the psalms in historical settings inconsistent with their internal characteristics.
The following arguments are a synthesis of objections to Davidic authorship by Driver and Eissfeldt: . However, consider the following problems with those arguments:. Dahood says:. The tendency in recent years to assign earlier rather than later dates to the composition of the psalms comports with the evidence of the Ras Shamra texts. These show that much of the phraseology in the Psalter was current in Palestine long before the writing prophets, so the criterion of literary dependence becomes much too delicate to be serviceable.
Even Driver, who posits this argument, admits that there is no proof that alphabet arrangement was not used in Davidic times. Even Hitzig does not allow himself to be misled as to the ancient Davidic origin of Ps. These two Psalms have the honor of being ranked among the thirteen Psalms which are acknowledged by him to be genuine Davidic Psalms. With respect to the use and appropriateness of this stylistic feature in Davidic times, Delitzsch adds:. It is not a paltry substitute for the departed poetic spirit, not merely an accessory to please the eye, and outward embellishment—it is in itself indicative of mental power.
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So great a poet inevitably drew a host of others in his train. Coppes states:. In Psa. However, two factors should be given consideration before denying Davidic authorship on that basis. The historical record must be allowed to speak for itself and not be adjusted simply to fit a narrowly preconceived notion with respect to its origin and development. The reader who wishes to do additional research on the historicity of the psalm titles can also find much material in F. Consideration will now be given to the reasons for accepting the ledawid psalms as of genuine Davidic authorship.
Payne states:. From the viewpoint of higher criticism, all now recognize that poems in the psalm form appear in the OT long before the time of David cf. Exod 15; Deut ; Judg 5. In particular, archeological research in Babylonia and Egypt has brought to light advanced hymnody, centuries before Abraham. The recovery of Canaanitish lit. Dahood Anchor Bible , Psalms. To date, no solid historical evidence has been produced which would discredit these titles as they appear in the Hebrew manuscripts. In addition, the research of R. Wilson has demonstrated the compatibility of these psalms to the period in which David lived.
In David the sacred lyric attained its full maturity. Many things combined to make the time of David its golden age. Through these coenobia , whence sprang a spiritual awakening hitherto unknown in Israel, David also passed. Here his poetic talent, if not awakened, was however cultivated.
He was a musician and poet born. Even as a Bethlehemite shepherd he played upon the harp, and with his natural gift he combined a heart deeply imbued with religious feeling. But the Psalter contains as few traces of David's Psalms before his anointing vid. It was only from the time when the Spirit of Jahve came upon him at his anointing as king of Israel, and raised him to the dignity of his calling in connection with the covenant of redemption, that he sang Psalms, which have become an integral part of the canon.
David's path from his anointing onwards, lay through affliction to glory. Song however, as a Hindu proverb says, is the offspring of suffering….
Life of David in the Psalms
His life was marked by vicissitudes which at one time prompted him to elegiac strains, at another to praise and thanksgiving; at the same time he was the founder of the kingship of promise, a prophecy of the future Christ, and his life, thus typically moulded [sic], could not express itself otherwise than in typical or even consciously prophetic language. Raised to the throne, he did not forget the harp which had been his companion and solace when he fled before Saul, but rewarded it with all honour. He appointed Levites, the fourth division of the whole Levitical order, as singers and musicians in connection with the service in the tabernacle on Zion and partly in Gibeon, the place of the Mosaic tabernacle.
In summarizing the discussion of Davidic authorship, certain points bear restatement:. If ledawid indicates authorship in these thirteen instances, it is not unreasonable to assume, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, that the expression carries the same meaning in the other sixty psalms. Typically, such objections either deny the antiquity of a psalm based on its advanced theological content or link it with other psalms which have been dated late using the same assumptions.
Negative criticism characteristically seeks to disassociate the question of authorship from external evidence i. It is at least conceivable that some of the untitled psalms, other than the five mentioned above, are also Davidic; however, there is no way to determine that for certain. There can be no doubt that David occupies a unique place among the psalmists of Israel. As Perowne has pointed out, his poetry was the pattern of all to follow. For day and night Thy hand was heavy upon me; my vitality was drained as with the fever heat of summer.
Yet, doubtless, his greatest qualification for authoring these psalms was a special presence of the Holy Spirit. The Anchor Bible. Garden City: Doubleday and Company, Psalms I , by Mitchell Dahood. Buttrick, George Arthur, ed. Driver, S. An Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament. Edinburgh: T.
Clark, Biblical Introduction Series. Eissfeldt, Otto. The Old Testament: An Introduction. Translated by Peter R. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia , S. Keil, C. Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Delitzsch, Translated by James Martin. Leupold, H. Exposition of the Psalms. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, reprint — McKay, J. Psalms London: Cambridge University Press, Perowne, J.